Radical innovations (sometime referred to as breakthrough, discontinuous or disruptive innovations) provide something new to the world that we live in by uprooting industry conventions and by significantly changing customer expectations in a positive way.
Ultimately, they often end up replacing existing methods / technologies. You often find smaller companies and start-ups being much stronger at radical innovation. Big companies are much better at incremental innovation than they are at radical innovation.
Radical innovation is often defined as the commercialization of products and technologies that have strong impact on two dimensions:
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I often find the best way to get an understanding of something is to have an example. So I have listed some examples below...
AOL was the first to launch a modern, Internet wide, GUI based messenger service in May 1997. Other text based chat systems existed prior to AIM (for example the Unix ‘talk’ command. However, for the majority of Internet users this provided a revolutionary new way to communicate in real time between two or more computers / electronic devices.
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Amazon's internet based approach to selling books enabled it to offer many more books than a traditional bookstore, this ultimately led to a number of the traditional book stores going out of business.
As of 2010 Amazon was that largest online retailer in the US.
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Transistors developed by Bell Labs uprooted the major players in the electronics industry who were all at the time focusing on vacuum tube technology.
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The Virgin One mortgage account reduces interest charges by combining debt with savings and income.
It is rare these days that you see anyone with a camera that takes film and many retail outlets now offer self-serve digital photo outlets where you can download your images, select, crop and resize them and then print them onto photographic paper. Gone are all the “post your film in an envelope for processing” type services.
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Additionally there are now many web sites that have business models driven on the back of the digital media revolution Flickr and Picasa are examples.
Click on examples of innovations for a list of important breakthrough innovations in the last fifty years. The page also provides an ability for you to add to the list with innovations that you feel have had a positive impact on society.
Gary Hamel a leading researcher and author on innovation argues that it is the only way for incumbents (the largest company in a certain industry) to renew their lease on success.
Innovations of this nature often cause a dramatic change. They can transform existing ideas or markets or even create new ones.
Hamel G (2002) Leading the Revolution: How to Thrive in Turbulent Times by Making Innovation a Way of Life, New York, First Plume Printing
Katz R (2009) Innovator's Toolkit: 10 Practical Strategies to Help You Develop and Implement Innovation (Harvard Business Essentials) , Boston, Harvard Business School Publishing
O'Connor, Gina Colarelli; Ayers, Alan D Building a Radical Innovation Competency, Research Technology Management, Jan/Feb2005, Vol. 48 Issue 1, p23-31